In 1980 the former German Chancellor Willy Brandt headed the Independent Commission on International Development Issues. Their report, a book called“North-South: a programme for survival” outlined how developed and developing world countries must work together to face the problems that faced the world.
They forecast that if nothing were done, then there would be massive unemployment,wars, famines and environmental decline.
The developing world and developed world relied on each other, and so it was in both parties interests to take heed of the proposals.
Twenty years on and some of the proposals have been implemented successfully, some partially and some seem rather dated.
The 10 proposals of the Brandt Report were:
- The developed countries should give technological help to developing countries to allow them to process their raw materials before exporting them, thus earning far more money for themselves.
- The developed countries should actively encourage industrial development in the developing world countries, concentrating on manufacturing products that suit them best. This idea could already be seen in many of the NIC’s such as South Korea. (See Industry topic).
- Rules should be drawn up to limit the influence of multi-national companies in developing countries.
- A commitment to global disarmament should be enforced.
- Increased funding should go into the development of new agricultural technology and the increase of world food stocks.
- Research for alternative energy sources should be increased, as well as increasing the use of HEP. Coal and especially oil should be used more efficiently to conserve global stocks. The price of oil should be better controlled and more predictable.
- More money should be made available by the developed countries for the World Bank to lend to developing countries.
- A world wide tax system could help to raise more money for development programmes. The amount of tax paid by a country would relate to its overall wealth.
- All developed countries should be giving 0.7% of their GNP to international aid by 1985. (In reality only a very few have actually reached this mark by 2000, including Norway, Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands). The aid should not be conditional or tied in any way.
- An organisation called the World Development Fund should be set up to co-ordinate the development programmes, in particular their funding.
Although they have been implemented with a varying degree of success, the Brandt Report did help to show the major imbalances between developed and developing countries throughout the world.