Farming may not be the most obvious of topics to study in Geography, but farming activities cover a large percentage of the British Isles and without farming we would struggle to survive. Furthermore, different areas of the British Isles have different farming activities.
There are 3 main farming types that you must know:
Farms growing crops e.g barley, wheat or potatoes.
A combination of arable and livestock although one or the other may dominate.
Pastoral (livestock) farming
Farms that rear animals e.g sheep and cattle.
Factors affecting farming
- Physical factors (or natural inputs)
- Human factors (or economic/political inputs)
Farmers are decision makers. Their aim is to make a profit and survive on the land. The physical and human factors which affect each farm will influence the farmers actions and what he can do with his farm.
The Hill Sheep Farming System
The diagram shows the physical and human factors that affect hill sheep farming and the inputs required to produce saleable goods that can earn the farmer an income.
Due to the relatively poor physical and human inputs the farmer is quite restricted in his activities. It is too cold for crops, and steep slopes mean poor soils. Sheep however are sure-footed on slopes and can cope with cold weather.