Factors that determine climate.

Climate is comparatively constant because it is largely determined by an area’s latitude, the distance above or below the equator. Due to the 23.5 degree tilt of Earth’s axis relative to the sun, the equator receives more direct sunlight than anywhere else on Earth. Therefore, the equator has the highest year-round average temperature, while the poles, which receive the least amount of sunlight, have the lowest average temperature. Other factors affecting climate include altitude, mountain ranges and proximity to large bodies of water.

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