Canaima National Park – Tan Shang Jien

Canaima National Park is spread over 3 million ha in south-eastern Venezuela along the border between Guyana and Brazil. Roughly 65% of the park is covered by table mountain (tepui) formations. The tepuis constitute a unique biogeological entity and are of great geological interest. The sheer cliffs and waterfalls, including the world’s highest (1,000 m), form a spectacular landscape.

Historical Description

Canaima national park is located in the south-east of Venezuela in Bolívar State (Piar and Roscio districts). The park protects the Venezuelan (north-western) section of the Guayana Shield. It is bordered by the Río Carrao and the Lema Mountain Range to the north, the Pakaraima Range as far as the Brazilian border to the south, the headwaters of the Río Venamo and the Roraima Range as far as Roraima-tepui to the east, and the Río Caroní to the west. The nearest city is Ciudad Bolívar some 600km to the north.



The species listed below represent a small sample of iconic and/or IUCN Red LIsted animals and plants found in the property. Clicking on the number in brackets next to the species will reveal other World Heritage Properties in which a species has been identified. These species are identified in an effort to better communicate the biological diversity contained within World Heritage properties.

  • Alouatta seniculus / Colombian red howler monkey 
  • Aulacorhynchus derbianus / chestnut-tipped toucanet
  • Bradypus tridactylus / pale-throated three-toed sloth 
  • Cacajao melanocephalus / black uacari 
  • Crypturellus ptaritepui / tepui tinamou
  • Cuniculus paca / spotted paca 
  • Harpia harpyja / harpy eagle 
  • Leopardus tigrinus / oncilla
  • Leopardus wiedii / margay 
  • Myrmecophaga tridactyla / giant anteater 

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