Facts about the top ten longest rivers

River

Length (Km)

Empty in

Nile River

6,695

Mediterranean Sea

Amazon River

6,516

Atlantic Ocean

Yangtze River

6,380

East China Sea

Mississippi-Missouri River

6,275

Gulf of Mexico

Yenisei – Angara – Selenge

5,539

Kara Sea

Huang He (Yellow River)

5,464

Bohai Sea

Ob – Irtysh

5,410

Gulf of Ob

Parana River

4,880

South Atlantic Ocean

Congo River

4,700

Atlantic Ocean

Amur – Argun

4,444

Strait of Tartary

1. Nile River

– Longest river in the world.

– Starts at the Tributaries of Lake Victoria, Africa and runs into the Mediterranean Sea.

– Runs through the ten countries of Burundi, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Egypt, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, South Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda.

– Is about 6,695km in length and is the longest river in Africa as well in the world.

– Only 22% of the Nile’s course runs through Egypt, but it is generally associated with Egypt.

2. Amazon River

– Starts in the Glacier-fed lakes, Peru and ends in the Atlantic Ocean.

– Runs from the Andes to the sea.

– The second longest river in the world, having the length of 6,516km.

– The largest one in terms of size of its watershed, the number of tributaries, and the volume of water discharged into the sea.

– The Amazon basin covers more than two and a half million square miles, which is more than any other rainforests.

– Along its entire length, no bridge crosses the river.

3. Yangtze River

– Also known as Chang Jiang River.

– Begins at the Tibetan plateau, China and leads to the China Sea.

– The third longest river having the length of approximate 6,380km.

– Has huge inland waterway for travel and industry and has got the world’s biggest dam.

4. Mississippi river

– Begins at the Source of Red Rock, Montana and ends in the Gulf of Mexico.

– The length of the Mississippi River 6,275km and is the fourth longest river.

– The River is a watershed having an area of 1.2 million square miles.

– Its tributaries merge from 32 states and 2 Canadian provinces.

– Mississippi and its tributaries drain almost all the land between the Appalachians and the Rockies.

– The drainage basin is the third largest in the world, smaller only than the Amazon and Congo rivers.

5. Yenisei River

– Begins in the Tannu-Ola Mountains, western Tuva, Russia eventually running to the Arctic Ocean.

– Has length of 5,539km having the 5th number on the list.

– Rises in Mongolia, then following a northerly course to Yenisei Gulf in Kara Sea and drains a large part of Central Siberia, which is the longest stream which follows the Yenisei- Angara- Selenga- Ider river system.

6. Huang He

– Also known as Yellow river.

– Is the 7th longest river in the world.

– Begins its journey in the Eastern part of the Kunlan Mountains, West China and ends in the Gulf of Chihli.

– Its length is 5,464km.

– The earliest civilization in China settled on the banks of the Huang He. Since then, the river has been a source of life and death (in form of new soil and floods).

– The river is a bringer of commerce as well. Ships of many sizes sail up and down the river, just as they have been doing for centuries.

7. River Ob

– Starts at the Altai Mountains, Russia and ends at the Gulf of Ob.

– The length is 5,410km.

– It remains frozen from 5 to 6 months of the year but it is an important trade and transport route; Barnaul, Kamen-na-Obi, Mogochin and Novosibirsk are the main ports.

– There is a large hydroelectric power station at Novosibirsk.

– The largest gas and oil deposits in Russia are found in basin of the middle and lower Ob.

8. Paraná River

– The river in Argentina starts its journey from the Confluence of Paranaiba and Grande rivers and terminates at the Río de la Plata.

– Its length is 4,880km.

– It first merges with Paraguay River and then with the Uruguay River to form Rio de la Plata and in the end empties into the Atlantic Ocean.

9. Congo River

– Also known as Zaire River

– Starts at the Confluence of Lualab and Luapula rivers, Congo and runs into the Atlantic Ocean.

– It is 4,700km in length. The river is a lifeline with rails and roads in it. It is also valuable for hydroelectric power.

10. Amur – Argun River

– Is the tenth longest river in the world.

– It is 4,444km in length.

– Has the tenth biggest basin area too.

– It is the third longest undammed river in the world, beside the Amazon and the Lena.

– The name of Amur in Chinese also gives the name of a province in northern China, Heilongjiang.

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