Effects on Rural-Urban migration:
- Excessive unskilled laborers will be found everywhere.
- Insufficient job for people
- Lack of resources
- Traffic congestion
- Higher cost of living: Food and accommodation…
- More unwanted environment events
- Increasing crime rate
- Lack of employment
- Overcrowded population
Effects on Urban-Rural migration:
- The birth rate will fall.
- The elderly remain behind and contribute less to the economy.
- The countryside begins to stagnate.
- More crime rate
- Less disposable income in the rural area shops may close down, roads deteriorate and houses may be abandoned